Is there any way to have an "inverted" clip region for painting in Java?

Asked
Viewd2580

3

I want to fill a region using Graphics.fillRoundRect(), but I want a rectangle in the middle of it to not be filled.

Essentially, given a component of 100x30, I want to set clipping to be the rectangle at 10,10 of size 80x10 but have the fill only paint the area outside that 80x10 rectangle. The reason is that I want a border of n pixels with a curved outline painted without affecting the inside component area.

The best way I can see so far is to clip to 10,10 90x10 and do the fillRoundRect() and then clip to 90,10 10x10 and do a fillRect() to fill in the right hand side, below and above the corners.

If I simple repaint a single line rectangle then I end up with "spotting" on the corners because the curves don't quite abut (and/or because AA affects surrounding pixels).

EDIT: Caveat - I need a way to do it which will work with J2ME AWT (CDC with Personal Profile 1.1) as well as J2SE.


Edit: Another similar question has an an answer I was able to adapt. The code that works correctly for my situation is posted as a self-answer.

  • @Quinn: Thanks for the correction - I typed “J2ME” in the Tags field, but I suspect that pressing tab from the Tags field to the Edit Summary switched the tag and I didn’t notice! I find the tab behavior of the tags field very annoying/counter-intuitive.

    Lawrence Dol13 августа 2009, 22:26
  • Don’t know why this had an “objective-c” tag…

    Quinn Taylor13 августа 2009, 19:00

2 ответов

2

I have a similar answer on the other question too, which is to use a polygon as an AWT clip. Maybe this is supported in J2ME? You'll need to know the bounds of the rectangle you want to exclude, and the outer bounds of your drawing area.

+-------------------+
| clip drawing area |
+---+-----------+   |
|   | excluded  |   |
|   |   area    |   |
|   +-----------+   |
|                   |
+-------------------+

EDIT FROM OP.

This answer worked for me and the API's are supported on J2ME. The answer of the other question appears to have one mistake - the set of coordinates needs to start a the point on the outer-left and inner top in order to create an enclosed polygon. My final code which worked follows:

To create a clipping Shape, I used this method:

static public Shape getOutsideEdge(Graphics gc, Rectangle bb, int top, int lft, int btm, int rgt) {
    int                                 ot=bb.y            , it=(ot+top);
    int                                 ol=bb.x            , il=(ol+lft);
    int                                 ob=(bb.y+bb.height), ib=(ob-btm);
    int                                 or=(bb.x+bb.width ), ir=(or-rgt);

    return new Polygon(
     new int[]{ ol, ol, or, or, ol, ol,   il, ir, ir, il, il },
     new int[]{ it, ot, ot, ob, ob, it,   it, it, ib, ib, it },
     11
     );
    }

which I set into the Graphics context and then filled my rectangle:

Rectangle tmp=new Rectangle(px,py,pw,ph);
gc.setClip(getOutsideEdge(gc,tmp,thickness,thickness,thickness,thickness));
gc.fillRoundRect(px,py,pw,ph,RADIUS,RADIUS);

and then I created the illusion of rounded inside corners by painting a single dot in each corner:

gc.setClip(px,py,pw,ph);
gc.drawLine((px   +thickness  ),(py   +thickness  ),(px   +thickness  ),(py   +thickness  ));
gc.drawLine((px+pw-thickness-1),(py   +thickness  ),(px+pw-thickness-1),(py   +thickness  ));
gc.drawLine((px   +thickness  ),(py+ph-thickness-1),(px   +thickness  ),(py+ph-thickness-1));
gc.drawLine((px+pw-thickness-1),(py+ph-thickness-1),(px+pw-thickness-1),(py+ph-thickness-1));
1

Please check my answer on this question. It is very similar.

EDIT: you might want to check if AlphaComposite is available in j2me. In Java you can simulate the clip by changing the alpha composite mode (i can't remember to which exactly i think its srcIn) and by painting on an image with black and white areas. You might want to check it out.

  • Да, тогда вы должны изменить теги и заголовок. в вопросе, который я дал, проверьте ответ не мной. Может быть, это сработает для вас.

    Savvas Dalkitsis13 августа 2009, 18:42
  • +1 за то, что указал мне на аналогичный вопрос, ответ на который я смог приспособить к рабочему решению.

    Lawrence Dol13 августа 2009, 22:46
  • Yes, it looks like that will work for J2SE, but the solution also needs to work for J2ME (which requirement I didn’t include originally, sorry). J2ME PP 1.1 does not have the java.awt.geom package. Man! it’s a pain having to support handhelds!

    Lawrence Dol13 августа 2009, 18:38